Managing a Linux Virtual Server

When you have setup an LVS you will need to administer it. Here are the tools you can use.

Discover what machine is the master.

Log in to both boxes and issue the command:

# ipvsadm

A list of active services and it's IP-addresses will be printed on the active master.

Or, check /var/log/messages for a line like this:

pulse[$pid]: STARTING PULSE AS BACKUP

This clearly shows you the machine is a backup.

Failover from one machine to another.

You could simple reboot the active machine. Otherwise, stop the service pulse for a moment on the active server. The backup will discover this and configure the floating IP.
On the active machine, issue:

# /etc/init.d/pulse stop
# sleep 60
# /etc/init.d/pulse start

Add/delete a Virtual Service or Real Server.

Use the piranha web interface, located on port 3636 of either one of the load balancers. Remember to copy /etc/sysconfig/ha/lvs.cf to the backup machine as well.
After you have altered the configuration, restart pulse on the active machine. (Be aware; this makes services unavailable for a couple of seconds.

# ipvsadm
[services are printed]
# /etc/init.d/pulse restart
# ipvsadm
[services should be printed in a couple of seconds.]

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References Red Hat Certified Architect By Robert de Bock Robert de Bock
Curriculum Vitae By Fred Clausen +31 6 14 39 58 72
By Nelson Manning [email protected]