Een shell script om network throughput te meten op Linux machines.

Hier is een shell script om te zien hoeveel (kilo-, mega-, giga- of terra-) bytes de netwerk kaart langs komt. De output ziet er zo uit:

$ ./network-traffic.sh --help
Usage: ./network-traffic.sh [-i INTERFACE] [-s INTERVAL] [-c COUNT]

-i INTERFACE
    The interface to monitor, default is eth0.
-s INTERVAL
    The time to wait in seconds between measurements, default is 3 seconds.
-c COUNT
    The number of times to measure, default is 10 times.
$ ./network-traffic.sh        
Monitoring eth0 every 3 seconds. (RXbyte total = 706 Mb TXbytes total = 1 Gb)
RXbytes = 104 b TXbytes = 194 b
RXbytes = 80 b TXbytes = 188 b
RXbytes = 52 b TXbytes = 146 b
RXbytes = 689 b TXbytes = 8 Kb
RXbytes = 52 b TXbytes = 146 b
RXbytes = 52 b TXbytes = 146 b
RXbytes = 52 b TXbytes = 146 b
RXbytes = 52 b TXbytes = 146 b
RXbytes = 4 Kb TXbytes = 4 Kb
RXbytes = 716 b TXbytes = 5 Kb

Hier is het scripts:

#!/bin/sh

usage(){
echo "Usage: $0 [-i INTERFACE] [-s INTERVAL] [-c COUNT]"
echo
echo "-i INTERFACE"
echo "    The interface to monitor, default is eth0."
echo "-s INTERVAL"
echo "    The time to wait in seconds between measurements, default is 3 seconds."
echo "-c COUNT"
echo "    The number of times to measure, default is 10 times."
exit 3
}

readargs(){
while [ "$#" -gt 0 ] ; do
  case "$1" in
   -i)
    if [ "$2" ] ; then
     interface="$2"
     shift ; shift
    else
     echo "Missing a value for $1."
     echo
     shift
     usage
    fi
   ;;
   -s)
    if [ "$2" ] ; then
     sleep="$2"
     shift ; shift
    else
     echo "Missing a value for $1."
     echo
     shift
     usage
    fi
   ;;
   -c)
    if [ "$2" ] ; then
     counter="$2"
     shift ; shift
    else
     echo "Missing a value for $1."
     echo
     shift
     usage
    fi
   ;;
   *)
    echo "Unknown option $1."
    echo
    shift
    usage
   ;;
  esac
done
}

checkargs(){
if [ ! "$interface" ] ; then
  interface="eth0"
fi
if [ ! "$sleep" ] ; then
  sleep="3"
fi
if [ ! "$counter" ] ; then
  counter="10"
fi
}

printrxbytes(){
/sbin/ifconfig "$interface" | grep "RX bytes" | cut -d: -f2 | awk '{ print $1 }'
}

printtxbytes(){
/sbin/ifconfig "$interface" | grep "TX bytes" | cut -d: -f3 | awk '{ print $1 }'
}

bytestohumanreadable(){
multiplier="0"
number="$1"
while [ "$number" -ge 1024 ] ; do
  multiplier=$(($multiplier+1))
  number=$(($number/1024))
done
case "$multiplier" in
  1)
   echo "$number Kb"
  ;;
  2)
   echo "$number Mb"
  ;;
  3)
   echo "$number Gb"
  ;;
  4)
   echo "$number Tb"
  ;;
  *)
   echo "$1 b"
  ;;
esac
}
 
printresults(){
while [ "$counter" -ge 0 ] ; do
  counter=$(($counter - 1))
  if [ "$rxbytes" ] ; then
   oldrxbytes="$rxbytes"
   oldtxbytes="$txbytes"
  fi
  rxbytes=$(printrxbytes)
  txbytes=$(printtxbytes)
  if [ "$oldrxbytes" -a "$rxbytes" -a "$oldtxbytes" -a "$txbytes" ] ; then
   echo "RXbytes = $(bytestohumanreadable $(($rxbytes - $oldrxbytes))) TXbytes = $(bytestohumanreadable $(($txbytes - $oldtxbytes)))"
  else
   echo "Monitoring $interface every $sleep seconds. (RXbyte total = $(bytestohumanreadable $rxbytes) TXbytes total = $(bytestohumanreadable $txbytes))"
  fi
  sleep "$sleep"
done
}

readargs "$@"
checkargs
printresults